Public roads in Hanover County are identified by green street signs,
and are maintained by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT).
The County's private roads are identified by brown street signs and are
maintained by property owners along the private road. Hanover County helps
VDOT prioritize funding programs to widen and improve the road system.
VDOT maintains existing road surfaces and roadside ditches, and performs
snow removal (800-367-7623 or website ).
Works Department maintains project status updates and coordinates engineering
studies and plans, with the primary contact being Joseph E. Vidunas, Traffic
Engineer (804-365-6181). The County's Planning Office maintains adopted
road corridor alignment studies that are adopted as part of the transportation
component of the Comprehensive Plan; the primary contact is Lee Garman
Secondary Road System
Secondary roads are public roads with VDOT route numbers of 600 or higher.
The Board of Supervisors has the authority to prioritize Secondary Road
projects through a public hearing process, which takes place each fall.
Approximately $2 million annually is available for Secondary Road construction
projects. In 2000, the Board adopted an objective prioritization system
for ranking paved Secondary Road projects. The Board also has a Roads
Committee which assists in developing recommendations with the transportation
systems and planning processes. A goal of the Roads Committee is to develop
a similar ranking system for Primary and Interstate roads, private roads
(which are eligible for upgrade to public roads through the Rural Road
Addition program), and state-maintained gravel roads. Once a project is
added to the Secondary Road 6-year plan, approximately 3-5 years is needed
to perform survey and engineering design, environmental review, right
of way acquisition and utility relocation. Construction may take from
4 months to 3 years, depending on the size and complexity of a project.
Primary and Interstate Road System
Primary Roads are public roads with VDOT route numbers less than 600
(for example, U.S. Route 360). Primary Roads generally are roadways that
connect different jurisdictions (U.S. Rt. 360, U.S. Rt. 33, U.S. Rt. 1),
or connect other Primary Roads (State Rt. 54). There is no standard annual
allocation given to the County for prioritization of primary and interstate
road projects. However, in the spring or summer of each year, the Commonwealth
Transportation Board (CTB) holds public hearings across the state and
Hanover County prioritizes projects through a Resolution. The CTB then
prioritizes requests through allocations made to the VDOT, Richmond District,
and also statewide projects such as interstate highways. In addition to
funding allocated through the VDOT CTB, Hanover County receives approximately
$2.5 million annually through the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO).
MPO funding may be used only on projects which are regionally significant
(improve intra-jurisdictional travel) or which improve air quality (intersection
projects to lessen congestion or alternative transportation projects such
as sidewalks, transit, bicycle routes).
Transportation Strategy/Economic Development
The Board has adopted a Transportation Strategy that defines much of
the nomenclature used throughout the transportation planning process.
It also contains the full Road Cash Proffer Methodology and Model, which
is used to collect cash road proffers from new residential zoning projects.
The intent is to assess a one-time cost per residential lot, to contribute
to road improvement projects identified as being needed to accommodate
projected growth. Most of these projects are in the suburban services
area (link to comp plan), but the model looks at all roads in the county
in a 20-year build-out plan to assess whether improvement is needed to
maintain the existing level of service. Both documents prioritize road
projects that create tax-based businesses and jobs. An example of a road
project that achieves this goal is the newly constructed North Lakeridge
Parkway. This new 4-lane divided road is located just west of the I-95/Lewistown
Road Interchange and serves approximately 300 acres of distribution/warehouse
type of land use. The road project is funded using 50% developer contributions
and 50% Secondary Road funding (Revenue Sharing).
VDOT owns and maintains all traffic signals in the County. Specific traffic
signal warrants must be met before VDOT will allow a traffic signal to
be installed. Usually, additional property (right of way) is needed for
traffic signal structures to be installed, and turn lanes are required
for a signal to properly function. Therefore, an intersection road project
is needed for a traffic signal at the intersection of 2-lane roads. The
Pole Green Road/Lee Davis Road Intersection is the most recent project
for turn lanes and a traffic signal installation. Engineering design,
environmental review and right of way acquisition processes for that $350,000
project took 3 years, which is typical for an intersection project.
The Department of Public Works installs street name signs throughout
the County. The Planning Office (804-365-6171) processes requests for
street name changes and the Department of Public Works (804-365-6181)
processes calls for street sign maintenance or replacement.
County standard signs are mounted on 4-inch
by 4-inch pressure treated wood posts, with green or brown reflective
blades. Non-standard signs are installed in some newer subdivisions and
are maintained by the neighborhood associations. However, if the associations
do not maintain or replace signs the County will replace with the standard
post and blade. Some older subdivisions had non-standard signs and do
not have the maintenance agreements in place for replacement. County
standard posts and signs will be replaced as these older signs lose their
reflectivity or are damaged/stolen. The County relies on citizens
to advise when street name signs require maintenance or replacement;
the Department usually addresses problems within 30 days of the report. The Department of Public Works encourages citizens to contact it when
problems are first observed since the Department does not have resources
to perform routine inspection.
More Street Sign Information
Traffic control signs (stop signs, state route number signs and other safety warning
signs) are maintained by VDOT (800-367-7623 or website ).